Most common foot problems

Here are some of the most common feet issues, as well as the appropriate treatment for each of them.

Most common foot problems

Here are some of the most common feet issues, as well as the appropriate treatment for each of them.

CORN AND CALLOSITIES

CORN AND CALLOSITIES

 

Pain in the feet most commonly occurs when the skin becomes thicker due to rubbing, imbalance and being overloaded in certain places.  Poorly fitting and uncomfortable shoes and dry skin are the major factors in this regard.

 

Corns and calluses occur when the skin becomes thicker.  Corns are generally found between the toes (soft corns) and the joints (hard corns that affect hammer toes and on the soles of the feet.  The thickening of the skin is localized and takes the form of a cone-shaped core.  Corns may be painful.  When the skin becomes thick in several places, the term callus applies.  These are mainly found on the heel and under the forefoot.

 

TREATMENT OF CORN AND CALLOSITIES

 

It’s tempting to remove corns and calluses for yourself using a razor blade or scissors, but it’s never a good idea.  The risks of injury or infection are high.  Also using the pumice stone excessively (more than twice weekly) and limit its use to the heel.

 

The skin on the forefoot and toes is more sensitive and more prone to irritation.  Cosmetic products to relieve these conditions are also available, but they are often only partially effective, and are also not advised for diabetics or people suffering from peripheral vascular disease.

 

For truly effective treatment, the best thing to do is to consult your podiatrist.  Only your podiatrist can resolve the problem by taking a holistic approach, while your podiatrist will be in a position to determine whether the corns and calluses could be treated with medicinal creams or ointments, or if treatment using a scalpel or milling tool is required.

 

Finally, your podiatrist may find it necessary to examine the movement of your lower limbs to confirm what caused your condition and to give advice relating to things like your choice of shoes to prevent recurrence.

 

Feel free to request a consultation.

 

Source : Ordre des podiatres du Québec

PLANTAR WARTS

PLANTAR WARTS

 

Plantar warts are unsightly, rough lesions that are generally found on the soles of the feet.  Human papilloma virus, which causes this condition, enters the skin through pressure points and injuries to the feet.  These contagious warts can develop in small groups or individually.

 

TREATMENT OF PLANTAR WARTS

 

Several treatments may be considered to deal with plantar warts effectively, including localized injections of drugs, acid or liquid nitrogen (cryotherapy), laser cauterization or specific products designed to treat the condition.

 

If plantar warts resist initial treatment, the podiatrist will recommend surgical removal.  Whatever your condition, your podiatrist will help you to choose the most appropriate method to suit your needs.

 

Feel free to request a consultation.

 

Source : Ordre des podiatres du Québec

INGROWN NAIL

INGROWN NAIL

 

If a nail is not cut correctly or if it is too heavily curved, the edges or the pointy spurs can break through the skin on the toes.  This then causes painful swelling which can lead to a skin infection, sometimes reaching the muscular tissue and even the bone.  An underlying bone disease or genetic predisposition can also cause recurrent ingrown toenails.

 

The inflammation caused by ingrown toenails must always be taken seriously in view of the risks involved.  Depending on the seriousness of the situation, your podiatrist will be able to select an appropriate treatment for you.

 

TREATMENT OF INGROWN NAILS

 

Depending on your podiatrist’s assessment, ingrown toenails are generally treated by a bevel cut, removing a portion of the nail, followed by a topical application of antibiotics.  Your podiatrist may also recommend that the nail be partly or wholly removed by surgical intervention.  This is a benign procedure carried out under local anesthetic.

 

Cutting the nails is very important for the health of your feet, especially if you are predisposed to developing ingrown toenails.  Ensure that you cut straight across the nail and round off any sharp edges.  It is also important to maintain a good standard of hygiene and to allow the feet to breathe as much as possible, for example by avoiding shoes that are too tight.

 

Don’t wait for an infection to consult your podiatrist.

 

Feel free to request a consultation.

 

Source : Ordre des podiatres du Québec

NAIL FUNGUS

NAIL FUNGUS

 

Are your nails thickened, yellow, or deformed?  It’s possible that you are suffering from toenail fungus.

 

It is important to know that not all toenails that are thick or yellow got that way because of a fungal infection.  These symptoms can also be caused by lichen planus, psoriasis, cardiovascular disease or even melanoma.  It is also necessary to distinguish between these conditions in order to ensure that treatment is effective.  Only a specialist can give a precise diagnosis and recommend the most appropriate treatment.

 

The affected toenail gradually breaks down as the infection progresses.  If the toenail is neglected or improperly treated, the fungal infection can lead to severe complications including abscesses beneath the nail, ulcers, or bacterial infections.

 

TREATMENT OF NAIL FUNGUS

 

It is important to consult your podiatrist as soon as you notice an infected toenail.  Depending on the seriousness of the infection, your specialist can carry out a mechanical removal, prescribe specialist drugs or remove the affected area (nail and tissue).

 

Feel free to request a consultation.

 

Source : Ordre des podiatres du Québec

ATHLETE’S FOOT

ATHLETE’S FOOT

Tinea pedis, better known as athlete’s foot, is a fungal infection of the skin that generally occurs between the toes.  This microscopic fungus feeds off dead cells from the nails and the skin that surrounds them.

 

The fungus initially appears in the form of small, red blisters.  The skin cracks, causing moist, whitish lesions to appear in the skin. They then cause itching, an unpleasant odor and skin damage, which starts as chafing and eventually peels away.

 

TREATMENT OF ATHLETE’S FOOT

 

The symptoms of athlete’s foot can cause confusion.  It’s easy to confuse them with other conditions, such as psoriasis, eczema, and erythrasma.  To choose an appropriate treatment, the podiatrist firstly carried out a thorough examination of the affected area.  Once the diagnosis has been completed, he can recommend a topical antifungal treatment such as a gel, cream, or ointment, or antifungal tablets if the symptoms persist.

 

In addition to the treatment, it is necessary to keep the feet clean and in good condition.  After showering, it is important to dry the feet thoroughly, especially between the toes.  Furthermore, always opt for shoes and socks that allow moisture to evaporate. Finally, it is recommended that you avoid high-risk public places such as swimming pools, public showers, and gyms, and if you do visit high-risk areas, you should ensure that you wash your feet properly.

 

Feel free to request a consultation.

 

Source : Ordre des podiatres du Québec

FOOT BUNION

FOOT BUNION

 

A condition that mostly affects women, bunions are a bony deformation caused by the first metatarsal bone deviating outward from the foot, causing the big toe (hallux) to be misaligned compared to the other toes.  Bunions are often hereditary and wearing unsuitable shoes can aggravate the condition.  Over time, the bunion can grow due to calcium deposits, and often results in swelling and severe pain in the foot.

 

TREATMENT OF FOOT BUNIONS

 

There are many treatments for bunions.  If swelling is present, the podiatrist prescribes an anti-inflammatory drug or a cortisone injection.  In order to support the arch of the foot and delay the process of deformation, the podiatrist may also recommend custom-made soles to support the feet.

 

An exercise program featuring stretches completes each treatment in order to preserve the mobility of the big toe.  If the bunion is especially pronounced, the podiatrist will correct it permanently through surgical intervention.

 

Feel free to request a consultation.

 

Source : Ordre des podiatres du Québec

HAMMERTOE

HAMMERTOE

 

A hammer toe is a deformity caused by an imbalance in the formation of muscles in the foot.  It is characterized by a contraction of the toe joints.  Restrictive and uncomfortable shoes force the smaller toes to curl and are one possible cause for hammer toes.  Other cases may be hereditary in origin, and the contraction of toes may become permanent in some cases, leading to severe pain if the area is irritated or corns are present.

 

TREATMENT OF HAMMERTOE

 

Your podiatrist will initially carry out a thorough assessment of the movement of your feet.  Depending on the results obtained, the podiatrist will then choose the type of support that is best suited to your particular case: either supports for your soles to stabilize your foot muscles, or toe supports to take the pressure off your toes.

 

It should be noted that every podiatric support is custom-designed based on the specialist’s recommendations.  In the most persistent cases, the podiatrist may intervene surgically to correct the condition.

 

Finally, always choose correctly sized shoes with wide and deep uppers to avoid the discomfort caused by constant rubbing of the toes against the upper part of the shoe.

 

Feel free to request a consultation.

 

Source : Ordre des podiatres du Québec

PLANTAR FASCIITIS

PLANTAR FASCIITIS

 

Also known as “jogger’s heel,” plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the plantar fascia, the membrane that links the heel bone to the toes.  This thick, fibrous membrane supports the arch of the foot.

 

Inflammation is confined to the area where the fascia enters the bone.  It is caused when the fascia is stretched, which is mainly caused by excess weight, strenuous physical activity or imbalance in the gait.  It is often accompanied by pain in the heel that may radiate out to the arch of the foot.

 

TREATMENT OF PLANTAR FASCIITIS

 

Your podiatrist will determine the cause of the condition by examining the movement of the lower limbs and the feet.  Depending on the results, the following treatments may be considered:

 

• Suspending or adjusting physical activities temporarily;
• Applying ice on the heel several times a day;
• Regular stretching and relaxing exercises;
• Manual therapy, ultra-sound or laser treatments;
• Pads for the heels;
• Plantar orthoses;
• Medication, anti-inflammatory capsules;
• Cortisone injections in the heel.

 

In most cases, plantar orthoses are necessary in the treatment.

 

Feel free to request a consultation.

 

Source : Ordre des podiatres du Québec

FLAT FOOT

FLAT FOOT

 

When the plantar fascia touches the floor, the foot is said to be flat.  This condition, which is overwhelmingly hereditary, can only be detected in children who are over three years of age, when the feet are still minimally developed.

 

This lowering of the arch of the foot can cause harm to the patient’s standing position, the movement of the feet, and the gait.  It also contributes to pain in the lower limbs, namely the feet, legs, and knees, and this pain can extend as far as the spinal column.

 

TREATMENT OF FLAT FOOT

 

The primary recommended treatment for flat feet is the use of plantar supports on the soles of the feet.  In children, the goal of the treatment is to correct the shape of the arch of the foot, while in adults, the orthosis is mainly used to support the foot and relieve pain and discomfort.

 

Feel free to request a consultation.

 

Source : Ordre des podiatres du Québec